ZEN MESTEREK ZEN MASTERS
« Zen főoldal
« vissza a Terebess Online nyitólapjára

Zen school (Zenshū 禪宗)
http://global.sotozen-net.or.jp/eng/library/glossary/individual.html?key=zen_school

Although there is good reason to speak of the "Zen school" as a distinct branch of the Buddhist tradition of Japan, there has never been any organized social or institutional entity bearing that name. At present, there are twenty-two comprehensive religious corporations (hōkatsu shūkyō hōjin 包括宗教法人) registered with the Japanese government that are recognized as belonging to the Zen tradition (Zenkei 禪系). These include: the Soto School (Sōtōshū 曹洞宗); fifteen separate corporations that identify themselves as branches (ha 派) of the Rinzai lineage (Rinzaishū 臨濟宗); the Ōbaku School (Ōbakushū 黃檗宗); and five small corporations that have splintered off from the Soto and Rinzai organizations. Each of the twenty-two Zen denominations has a number of temples affiliated with it, ranging from 14,664 in the Soto School to 3,389 in the Myōshinji branch of the Rinzai lineage (Rinzaishū Myōshinjiha 臨濟宗妙心寺派), 455 in the Ōbaku School, a few hundred in the smaller Rinzai denominations, and just a handful in the smallest of the corporations (all data from Bunkachō 文化廳, ed., Shūkyō nenkan 宗教年鑑, 2003 Edition).

One thing that clergy affiliated with all the Zen denominations in Japan hold in common is the belief in a Zen lineage (Zenshū 禪宗) of dharma transmission said to have been founded by the Buddha Shakamuni, established in China by the Indian monk Bodaidaruma, and subsequently transmitted to Japan by numerous Japanese and Chinese monks. During the Kamakura period (1185-1333) and the two decades immediately following, by one account, some twenty-four separate branches (ryūha 流派) of the Zen lineage were established in Japan. By another reckoning, there were forty–six individual transmissions of the Zen dharma to Japan, beginning with Myōan Eisai 明庵榮西 (1141-1215) in 1191 and extending down to the Chinese monks Ingen (C. Yinyuan 隱元, 1592–1673) and Shinetsu (C. Xinyue 心越, 1639–1696), who came to Japan in 1654 and 1677, respectively, and established the so-called Ōbaku lineage (Ōbakushū 黃檗宗). At present, however, all Zen clergy trace their own lineages of dharma inheritance back to China through only two men:

(1) Nanpo Jōmyō 南浦紹明 (1235-1308), a.k.a. Daiō Kokushi, founder of the Daiō branch (Daiōha 大應派) of Rinzai Zen; and
(2) Dōgen Kigen 道元希玄 (1200-1253), founder of the Dōgen branch (Dōgenha 道元派) of Soto Zen. All the other branches of the Zen lineage that flourished in the past are said to have died out, having failed at some point to produce any more dharma heirs.

Most of the Zen denominations in Japan operate training monasteries in which the bureaucratic structures, ritual calendars, and modes of practice are modeled after those found in the leading Buddhist monasteries of Song (960-1279) and Yuan (1280-1368) dynasty China. Those institutional forms were first imported into Japan in the Kamakura period, chiefly (but not exclusively) by the same monks who transmitted the Zen lineage. Texts containing the religious lore of the Zen lineage in China - genealogies of dharma transmission, biographies of Zen masters, records of their discourses, and koan collections - were also brought to Japan at that time, and have been handed down to the present within the various denominations as the common heritage of the Zen school.

 

 

Dōgen's Zen Ancestors Chart

It is worth mentioning that the line gets splitted apart
at Dajian Huineng and join back up at Eihei Dōgen
as the left-hand side is the Rinzai (Linji) line*,
and the right-hand side is the Sōtō (Caodong) line**,
reflecting Dōgen's early teacher Myōzen, as well as Rujing.

* 【黄檗・臨済系 法系】
南嶽懐譲和尚様から
佛樹明全和尚様

** 【曹洞系 法系】
青原行思和尚様から
天童如浄和尚様

 

Shakamunibutsu (Shākyamuni Buddha, Shijiamouni Fo 釋迦牟尼佛))


The Indian Patriarchs:

1. Makakashō (Mahākāshyapa 摩訶迦葉)

2. Ananda (Ānanda 阿難陀)

3. Shōnawashu (Shanakavāsa/Shānavāsin 商那和修)

4. Ubakikuta (Upagupta 優婆掬多)

5. Daitaka (Dhrtaka/Dhītika 提多迦)

6. Mishaka (Micchaka/Mishaka 彌遮迦)

7. Bashumitsu (Vasumitra 婆須密)

8. Butsudanandai (Buddhanandi 浮陀難提, 佛陀難提)

9. Fudamitta (Buddhamitra 浮陀密多, 佛陀密多)

10. Barishiba (Pārshva 婆栗濕婆, 脅尊者)

11. Funayasha (Puyayashas 富那夜奢)

12. Anabotei (Ānabodhi/Ashvaghoa 阿那菩提, 馬鳴)

13. Kabimora (Kapimala 迦毘摩羅)

14. Nagyaharajuna (Nāgārjuna 龍樹, 那伽閼樹那)

15. Kanadaiba (adeva 迦那提婆 (提婆), 聖天)

16. Ragorata (Rāhulata/Rāhulabhadra 羅睺羅多)

17. Sōgyanandai (Saghanandi 僧伽難提)

18. Kayashata (Gayashāta 僧伽舍多)

19. Kumorata (Kumārata/Kumāralāta 鳩摩羅多)

20. Shayata (Jayata/Shayata 闍夜多)

21. Bashubanzu (Vasubandhu 世親, 天親, 婆修盤頭)

22. Manura (Manorata/Manorhita/Manothata 摩拏羅)

23. Kakurokuna (Haklenayashas 鶴勒那)

24. Shishibodai (Aryasimha/Simha Bhikshu/Sihabodhi 師子菩提)

25. Bashashita (Basiasita/Vasi Astia 婆舍斯多)

26. Funyomitta (Puyamitra 不如密多)

27. Hanyattara (Prajñādhāra/Prajñātāra 般若多羅)


The Chinese Patriarchs:

28/1. Bodaidaruma
(
Bodhidharma, Putidamo 菩提 達磨 ?-532/5)

29/2. Taiso Eka
(
Dazu Huike 大祖 487-593)

 30/3. Kanchi Sōsan
(
Jianzhi Sengcan ?-606)

 31/4. Daii Dōshin
(
Dayi Daoxin 580-651)

32/5. Daiman Kōnin
(
Daman Hongren 滿 弘忍 601-674)

 33/6. Daikan Enō
(
Dajian Huineng 大鑑 慧能 638-713)

34/7. Nangaku Ejō
(
Nanyue Huairang 南嶽 懷讓 677-744)

34/7. Seigen Gyōshi
(
Qingyuan Xingsi 青原 行思 660?-740)

35/8. Baso Dōitsu
(
Mazu Daoyi 馬祖 道一709-788)

35/8. Sekitō Kisen
(
Shitou Xiqian 希遷 石頭 700-790)

36/9. Hyakujō Ekai
(
Baizhang Huaihai 百丈 懷海 720-814)

36/9. Yakusan Igen
(
Yaoshan Weiyan 藥山 惟儼 751-834)

37/10. Ōbaku Kiun
(
Huangbo Xiyun 黃蘗 希運 ?-850?)

37/10. Ungan Donjō
(
Yunyan Tansheng 雲巌 曇晟 780-841)

 

The Linji (Rinzai) Patriarchs:

 

The Caodong (Sōtō) Patriarchs:

38/11. Rinzai Gigen
(Linji Yixuan
臨濟 義玄 ?-866)

38/11. Tōzan Ryōkai
(
Dongshan Liangjie 洞山 良价 807-869)

39/12. Kōke Zonshō
(Xinghua Cunjiang
興化 存獎 830-888)

39/12. Ungo Dōyō
(
Yunju Daoying 雲居 830-902)

40/13. Nan'in Egyō
(Nanyuan Huiyong
南院 慧顒 860-930)

40/13. Dōan Dōhi
(
Tongan Daopi 同安 道丕 n.d.)

41/14. Fūketsu Enshō
(Fengxue Yanzhao
風穴 延沼 896-973)

41/14. Dōan Kanshi
(
Tongan Guanzhi 同安 觀志 n.d.)

42/15. Shuzan Shōnen
(Shoushan Xingnian
首山 省念 926-993)

42/15. Ryōzan Enkan
(
Liangshan Yuanguan 梁山 緣觀 n.d.)

43/16. Funyō Zenshō
(Fenyang Shanzhao
汾陽 善昭 947-1024)

43/16. Taiyō Kyōgen
(
Dayang Jingxuan 大陽 警玄 943-1027)

44/17. Sekisō Soen
(Shishuang
Chuyuan 石霜 楚圓 986-1039)

44/17. Tōshi Gisei
(
Touzi Yiqing 投子 義青 1032-1083)

45/18. Ōryū Enan
(Huanglong Huinan
(黃龍 慧南 1002-1069)

45/18. Fuyō Dōkai
(
Furong Daokai 芙蓉 道楷 1043-1118)

46/19. Kaidō Soshin
(Huitang Zuxin
晦堂 祖心 1025-1100)

46/19. Tanka Shijun
(
Danxia Zichun 丹霞 子淳 1064-1117)

47/20. Shishin Goshin
(Sixin Wuxin 死心 悟新 1044-1115)


47/20. Chōro Seiryō [Shinketsu ~]
(Changlu Qingliao [Zhenxie ~] 長蘆 清了 [真歇] 1089-1151)


48/21. Reigen Isei
(Lingyuan Weiqing 靈源 惟清 ?-1117)

48/21. Tendō Shōkaku [Wanshi ~]
(
Tiantong Zhengjue [Hongzhi ~] 天童 宗珏 [宏智] 1091-1157)

49/22. Chōrei Shutaku
(Changling Shouzhuo 長靈 守卓 c.1060-1130)

49/22. Setchō Chikan
(
Xuedou Zhijian 雪竇 智鑑 1105-1192)

50/23. Muji Kaijin
(Wushi Jiechen 無示 介諶 c.1080-1148)

50/23. Tendō Nyojō
(
Tiantong Rujing 天童 如淨 1162-1227)

51/24. Mannen Donkan
(Wannian Tanguan 萬年 曇貫 c.1100-1170)

52/25. Setsuan Jūkin
(Xuean Congjin 雪庵 從瑾 c.1117-1200)

53/26. Koan Eshō
(Xuan Huaichang
虛庵 懷敞 c.1125-1195)

 

The Japanese Rinzai Patriarchs:

54/27/1. Myōan Eisai
(
明菴 栄西 1141-1215)

55/28/2. Ryōnen Myōzen
(了然 明全 1184–1225)

The Japanese Sōtō Patriarchs:

51/24/1. [Eihei] Dōgen Kigen
(
[永平] 希玄 道元 1200-1253)

52/25/2. Koun Ejō
(
孤雲 懐奘 1198-1280)

53/26/3. Tettsū Gikai
(
徹通 義介 1219-1309)

54/27/4. Keizan Jōkin
(
螢山 紹瑾 1268-1325)

 55/28/5. Gasan Jōseki
(
峨山 韶碩 1275-1366)

55/28/5. Meihō Sotetsu
明峰 素哲 (1277-1350)

Each priest of the Sōtō school today belongs to an uninterrupted line
which traces itself either to 峨山韶碩 Gasan Jōseki zenji
or to 明峰素哲 Meihō Sotetsu zenji, two disciples of Keizan zenji,
all other Japanese lines having since become extinct.

 


Pre-printed kechimyaku

Gabor Terebess's Zen Lineage Chart
(in his master's own handwriting, on silk)

 

 

The Two Main Lineages of Modern Sōtō


http://www.eonet.ne.jp/~ekakusan/
> http://www.eonet.ne.jp/~ekakusan/houkei.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zen_lineage_charts
http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C5%8Dt%C5%8D
http://www.treeleaf.org/forums/showthread.php?7474-Zen-lineage-chart-Chinese-and-Japanese-Zen-ancestors

 

默照禪 Mokushō-zen (”silent illumination Zen”, ”serene reflection Zen”)

~ 西有 (瑾英) 穆山 Nishiari (Kin'ei) Bokusan (1821-1910) - 3rd abbot of Sōjiji

~~ 丘 (大潤) 宗潭 Oka (Daijun) Sōtan (1860-1921) – 1st abbot of Antaiji

~~~ 丘 (浩潤) 球学 Oka (Kōjun) Kyūgaku (1877-1953) - vice-abbot of Eiheiji

~~~ 沢木 (祖門) 興道 Sawaki (Somon) Kōdō (1880-1965) – 5th abbot of Antaiji

~~~~ 酒井得元 Sakai (Eshū) Tokugen (1912-1996)

~~~~ 内山 (道融) 興正 Uchiyama (Dōyū) Kōshō (1912-1998) – 6th abbot of Antaiji

~~~~ 弟子丸 (默堂) 泰仙 Deshimaru (Mokudō) Taisen (1914-1982) - Association Zen Internationale

~~~~ 横山祖道 Yokoyama Sodō, aka "The Leaf Whistling Monk" (1907-1980) „Levélsípos szerzetes”

~~~~ 川瀬玄光 Kawase (Kaigaku) Genkō (1908-1988)

~~~~ 成田秀雄 Narita (Sōden) Shūyū (1914-2004)

~~~~ 乙川弘文 Otokawa Kōbun (1938-2002), aka Kobun Chino Otogawa

~~~ 橋本恵光 Hashimoto (Rendō) Ekō (1890-1965) – abbot of Zuiōji

~~~~ 楢崎一光 Narazaki Ikkō (1918-1996) – abbot of Zuiōji; vice-abbot of Eiheiji

~~~~ 片桐 (慈海) 大忍 Katagiri (Jikai) Dainin (1928-1990) - founder of the Minnesota Zen Meditation Center

~~ 岸澤 (眠芳) 惟安 Kishizawa (Minpō) Ian (1865-1955) - 3rd abbot of Antaiji

~~~ 野圦 (白山) 孝純 Noiri (Hakusan) Kōjun (1914-2007) - Kanyō-an, Ouke, Shimada-shi

~~~~ 森山 (法輪) 大行 Moriyama (Hōrin) Daigyō (1938-2011) – founder of Zuigakuin

~~~~ 釈元祥 Shaku Genshō [=Gábor Terebess, Hungary] (1944-)

~~~~ 佐藤成孝 Sato Jōkō (1953-) – founder of the Chokai-san International Zendo

~~~ 鈴木 (祥岳) 俊隆 Suzuki (Shōgaku) Shunryū (1904-1971) - founder of the Zen Center of San Francisco

~~~~ 禅達 Zentatsu Richard Baker (1936-)

~~~~ 鈴木抱一 Suzuki (Gyugaku) Hōitsu (1939-) - tanto (head of practice) of Eiheiji

~~~ 丹羽 (瑞岳) 廉芳 Niwa (Zuigaku) Rempō (1905-1993) - 77th abbot of Eiheiji

~~~~ 西嶋 愚道 和夫 Nishijima Gudō Wafu (1919-2014)

~~ 秋野 (大忍) 孝道 Akino (Dainin) Kōdō (1857-1934) - 7th abbot of Sōjiji

 

 

看話禪 Kanna-zen (”introspecting the kōan Zen”)

~ 原田 (大雲) 祖岳 Harada (Daiun) Sogaku (1871-1961) – abbot of Hosshinji

~~ 安谷 (白雲) 量衡 Yasutani (Hakuun) Ryōkō (1885-1973) - Sanbō Kyōdan

~~~ 山田耕雲 Yamada Kōun (Zenshin) (1907-1989) - Sanbō Kyōdan

~~~~ Robert Baker Aitken (1917-2010) - founder of the Diamond Sangha (USA)

~~~~ Enomiya-Lassalle, Hugo Makibi S.J. (1898-1990), 愛雲軒 Aiun-ken

~~~~ 山田 (凌雲) 正道 Yamada (Ryōun) Masamichi (1940-), son of Yamada Kōun

~~~~ Roselyn Seiun-an Stone (1931-)

~~~~ Ana Maria Kiun-an Schlüter Rodés (1935-)

~~~~ Willigis Koun-ken Jäger (1925-)

~~~ Philip Kapleau (1912-2004) - founder of the Rochester Zen Center

~~~ 前角 (大山) 博雄 Maezumi (Taizan) Hakuyū (1931-1995) - founder of the Zen Center of Los Angeles

~~~~ Beck, Charlotte Joko (1917-2011)

~~~~ グラスマン徹玄 Glassman, Tetsugen Bernard (Bernie) (1939-)

~~~~ ローリ大道 Loori, John Daido (1931-2009)

~~~~ マーゼル玄法 Merzel, Dennis Genpo (1944-)

~~~ 里見妙道‏ Satomi Myōdō (1896-1978)

~~~ 窪田慈雲 Kubota Jiun (Akira) (1932-)

~~~ Brigitte D'Ortschy (1921-1990), or Kōun-An Dōru Chikō

~~ 飯田 (大顕) 欓隠 Iida (Daiken) Tōin (1862-1937)

~~ Taji Genki (1889-1953)

~~ 西脇越堂 Nishiwaki Etsudo (1913-?)

~~ 渡辺 (本行) 玄宗 Watanabe (Hongyō) Genshū (1869-1963) - 17th dokuju (successive) abbot of Sōjiji

~~ 伴鐵牛 (祖印) Ban Tetsugyu (Soin) (1910-1996) – Master of Tōshō-ji, Tokyo

~~~ Maura (Soshin) O'Halloran (1955-1982)

~~~ 出口鐵城 Deguchi Tetsujo (1951-) – Master of Tōshō-ji, Tokyo

~~ 原田湛玄 Harada Tangen (1924-) - Head of Bukkoku-ji, Obama

~~~ 山端 (大道) 法玄 Yamahata (Daidō) Hōgen (1935-) - Abbot of Chogenji, Teacher at the Open Way Association, Australia

 

Heinrich Dumoulin: Geschichte des Zen-Buddhismus. Band II: Japan.

 

Soto Zen Buddhist Association Lineage Chart
by Charlie Korin Pokorny

This lineage chart displays the lineages of active members of the SZBA as of Sept 18, 2008. Members in each lineage are displayed in a box (or boxes) in alphabetical order. The horizontal arrangement of the lineages on each page is of no particular significance.

In addition to major Soto Zen figures included in members' lineages (such as Banjin Dotan (pg 2 col 8), Bokuzan Nishiari (pg 2 col 9), Gento Sokuchu (pg 2 col 2), Manzan Dohaku (pg 2 col 8), Tenkei Densen (pg 1 col 2), and others), the lineages of a few others are included to show where they connect (including Daigu Ryokan (pg 2 col 5), Menzan Zuiho (pg 1 col 5), and Unkei Tosui (pg 2 col 11)).

Also included are the lineages of some 20th century figures including: Soyu Matsuoka (pg 3 col 1), Eko Hashimoto (pg 3 col 5, teacher of Dainin Katagiri (pg 2 col 2) & Tsugen Narasaki (pg 3 col 4)), and Ian Kishizawa (pg 2, col 9, teacher of Renpo Niwa (pg 1 col 4) & Shunryu Suzuki (pg 1 col 1)). Eko Hashimoto, Ian Kishizawa, Kodo Sawaki (pg 2 col 1) and Daiun Sogaku Harada (pg 2 col 4) all studied with Oka Sotan (transmission from Tōken Mitetsu, studied with Bokuzan Nishiari). Taizan Maezumi (pg 1 col 2) studied with Haku'un Yasutani (teacher of Koun Yamada (teacher of Chotan Aitken)) who in turn studied with Daiun Sogaku (pg 2 col 4). Tenzan Keibun (pg 2 col 9) worked extensively with his brother Kobun Chino (pg 2 col 7).

Timeline of Zen Buddhism in the United States

 

PDF: Zen Charts
Y.H. Ku, History of Zen, China Academic Library, 2016

 

PDF: Lineage Chart of the Zen Ancestors in China
Designed to complement the book:
Zen's Chinese Heritage: The Masters and their Teachings, Wisdom Publications, 2000
by Andy Ferguson

Dharma Scrolls and the Succession of Abbots in Chinese Monasteries
by Holmes Welch
T'oung Pao, Volume 50, Issue 1-2, 1963, pp.: 93–149 (57)

The Genealogical Chart of Buddhism with Hua Zang Lineage
http://www.huazangcentre.com/?page_id=133

 

The Genealogical Chart of Buddhism with Hua Zang Lineage

 

Zen Schools in Japan (1984)

List of Sôtô Zen Temples for Foreigners in Japan

 

Master List of Masters

 

The Forty Transmission Gathas
Translated by Lu K'uan Yü [Charles Luk]

 

The Ch'an Tsung in Medieval China: School, Lineage or What?
by T. Griffith Foulk
Pacific World Journal, New Series Number 8, Fall 1992, pp. 18-31.

 

PDF: “A Lineage of Dullards” [gudon no keifu 愚鈍の系譜], Zen Master Tōjū Reisō and His Associates
by Katō Shōshun 加藤正俊 (1929-)
Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 1998 25/1-2

A study of three monks, Tōjū Reisō 洞宗令聡 (1854-1916), Tairyū Bun’i 泰龍文彙 (1827-1880) and Seishū Shusetsu 蜻州守拙 (1849-1921)


 

Korean Lineage Charts of the Zen Ancestors

 

京都学派 Kyōto-gakuha / The Kyoto School / Kiotói-iskola

Rude awakenings: Zen, the Kyoto school, & the question of nationalism
eds. Heisig, James W. (1944-); Maraldo, John C. (1942-)
Honolulu : University of Hawai'i Press, 1995, XV, 381 p.

Philosophers of Nothingness: An Essay on the Kyoto School
by James W. Heisig
Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press, 2001, 384 p.

Philosophy as Spirituality: The Way of the Kyoto School
by James W. Heisig
in Takeuchi Yoshinori et al., ed., Buddhist Spirituality. Volume 2: Later China, Korea, Japan, and the Modern World, (New York: Crossroad, 1999), 367– 88.
https://nirc.nanzan-u.ac.jp/en/files/2012/12/JWH-Philosophy_as_Spirituality.pdf

The Kyoto School by Bret W. Davis, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy  (2008)
Linked bibliography for the SEP article " The Kyoto School" by Bret W. Davis
Notes to The Kyoto School

 

MAIN ZEN SECTS IN JAPAN (Intro Japan)

Great Five Zen Temples (Kamakura)
Kamakura Gozan 鎌倉五山

      1. Kenchō-ji 建長寺 (Hōjō)
      2. Engaku-ji 円覚寺 (Hōjō)
      3. Jūfuku-ji 寿福寺 (Hōjō)
      4. Jōchi-ji 浄智寺 (Hōjō)
      5. Jōmyōji 浄妙寺 (Ashikaga)

Great Five Zen Temples (Kyoto)
Kyoto Gozan 京都五山

      1. Tenryū-ji 天龍寺
      2. Shōkoku-ji 相国寺
      3. Kennin-ji 建仁寺
      4. Tōfuku-ji 東福寺
      5. Manju-ji 万寿寺

        Nanzen-ji 南禅寺 served as the
        head temple of the Kyoto five.