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汾陽善昭 Fenyang Shanzhao (942-1024)

行脚歌 Xingjiao ge
(Rōmaji:) Fun'yō Zenshō: Angyaka
(English:) Song of Angya
(Magyar:) Fen-jang San-csao: Hszingcsiao ko / Zarándokének

汾陽無德禪師語錄 Fenyang Wude chanshi yulu
(Rōmaji:) Funyō Mutoku zenshi goroku
(English:) Records of Sayings of Chan Master Fenyang Wude



Az Öt Állapot
Fordította: Komár Lajos

Fen-jang San-csao mondásaiból
Fordította: Terebess Gábor

Song of Angya
Translated by D.T. Suzuki

Song of Right and Wrong
Translated by John Balcom

Poem in Praise of Coming from the West
Translated by John Balcom





"Song of Angya"
Fun'yō Zenshō, a notable Chinese zen master of the early Sung, as published in the chapter on "Initiation" as a Zen monk,
in D.T. Suzuki's The Training of the Zen Buddhist Monk, pp. 5-6.

Determined to leave his parents, what does he want to accomplish?
He is a Buddhist, a homeless monk now, and no more a man of the world;
His mind is ever intent on the mastery of the Dharma.

His conduct is to be as transparent as ice or crystal,
He is not to seek fame and wealth,
He is to rid himself of defilements of all sorts.

He has no other way open to him but to go about and inquire;
Let him be trained in mind and body by walking over the mountains and fording the rivers;
Let him befriend wise men in the Dharma and pay them respect wherever he may accost them;
Let him brave the snow, tread on the frosty roads, not minding the severity of the weather;
Let him cross the waves and penetrate the clouds, chasing away dragons and evil spirits.

His iron staff accompanies him wherever he travels and his copper pitcher is well filled,
Let him not then be annoyed with the longs and shorts of worldly affairs,
His friends are those in the monastery with whom he may weigh the Dharma,
Trimming off once for all the four propositions and one hundred negotiations.

Beware of being led astray by others to no purpose whatever;
Now that you are in the monastery your business is to walk the great path,
and not to get attached to the world, but to be empty of all trivialities;
Holding fast on to the ultimate truth do not refuse hard working in any form;
Cutting yourself away from noise and crowds, stop all your toiling and craving.

Thinking of the one who threw himself down the precipice, and the one who stood all night in the snow, gather up all your fortitude,
So that you may keep the glory of your Dharma-king manifested all the time;
Be ever studious in the pursuit of the Truth, be ever reverential toward the Elders;
You are asked to stand the cold and the heat and privations,
Because you have not yet come to the abode of peace;
Cherish no envious thoughts for wordly prosperity, be not depressed just because you are slighted
But endeavor to see directly into your own nature, not depending on others.

Over the five lakes and the four seas you pilgrim from monastery to monastery;
To walk thousands of miles over hundreds of mountains is indeed no easy task;
May you finally intimiately interview the master in the Dharma and be led to see into your own nature,
When you will no more take weeds for the medicinal plants.



Song of Right and Wrong

from 汾陽無德禪師語錄 Fenyang Wude chanshi yulu
Records of Sayings of Chan Master Fenyang Wude (1004)
Translated by John Balcom
In: After Many Autumns: A Collection of Chinese Buddhist Literature
edited by John Gill, Susan Tidwell, Buddha's Light Publishing, 2011

One who leaves home to learn the Way should know:
In the monastic assembly be sure not to violate the order.
Be kind and respectful to those who explain the truth and are virtuous.
Do not associate with fools who gossip.

Hear one speak well of you and your mind is joyful;
Hear one speak ill of you and hate him to death.
Good and evil both come from the mind,
Seek the course of reason in between.

Worldly people are more lacking in wisdom,
They do not attempt to understand or think, and gossip arises.
A great, wise person looks at it
And does not get involved.

Zilu was scolded when he encountered a fisherman.1
Confucius once felt shame for forgetting to wear his shoes.
The first thing recorded about Sariputra
Was how he was personally fooled by a fool.2

The Tathagata looks at all sentient beings with his eyes of compassion,
He knows the past and present, and clearly sees the truth.
These dynasties—Zhou, Qin, Han, and Wei,
Each of these countries was destroyed for the same reason.3

For many kalpas, gossip has been the cause of hell,
When you hear or speak of right and wrong, examine the details.
I hear it spoken, my mind does not arise—
This is gossip. It stops at me.

Still, there are some empty words that cannot be polished;
To ask for what reason the patriarch came from the west.
If you wish for clarity, to be able to distinguish the roots from the branches,
Understand the true basis of gossip.
More people come to speak gossip,
But now I already recognize you.


1: Reference to Zhuangzi, where Confucius scolds his disciple Zilu for not recognizing a humble fisherman as a sage.

2: Reference to a past life of Sariputra, a great disciple of the Buddha. As a monk he encounters a man who says his mother is dying, and that only medicine made from a monk’s eyeball can cure her. Sariputra plucks out his eye, but the man says that only the right eyeball will do. Having removed his left, the monk then removes the other eye. The man smells the eye, says it is too smelly to be medicine, and crushes it.

3: The end of each dynasty was accelerated by some form of infighting.



Poem in Praise of Coming from the West

Translated by John Balcom

Cypress trees grow up from the land in the courtyard .
There is no need for ox or plow to till this peak.
This is the right way to teach the one thousand roads from the west.1
The dense, dark woods all have eyes.

1: Many methods for teaching the Dharma. “West” is a reference to India, and one thousand to the multiplicity of teachings.




Fen-jang San-csao mondásaiból
Terebess Gábor fordítása

– Ha ezer mérföldön belül egy fia felhő se lenne, mit tennél? – kérdezte egy szerzetes.
– Megbotoznám az eget – mondta Fen-jang.
– Miért épp az eget kárhoztatnád?

– Mert sose akkor esik az eső és sose akkor süt a nap, amikor kellene.



Az Öt Állapot
Five States by Fen Yang (947–1024)
Fordította: Komár Lajos

A valóság közepéből kiáradó:
a gyémántkirály drágaköves kardja
odasuhint az égnek, akár a tudati villám.
Akadálytalanul beragyogja a világot, mint a kristály:
tiszta ragyogása szeplőtlen.

A jelenség a valóságban:
a lendületes szónok mennydörgő beszéde
szikrát hány, villámot szór.
Buta, korlátolt ember módjára figyeled,
s habozásod messzire taszít onnét.

A valóság a jelenségben:
látod a kerékforgató királyt; uralod
a parancsolót, annak hét kincsét, ezernyi utódát.
Mindenki melléd szegődik az úton, és
te még mindig egy aranytükröt keresgélsz.

Mindkettőben felbukkanó:
a hároméves aranyoroszlán
szája nyitva, fogai élesek.
Mennydörgő üvöltése
megrémiszti a gonosz szellemeket.

Egyszerre észlelni mindkettőt:
az uralkodói hatalom erőlködés nélküli:
ne akard a fabikát sétáltatni.
A valódi bika keresztülvág a tűzön:
íme, a Tankirály csodálatos hatalma.

A valóság közepéből kiáradó: a lótuszvirág kiszáradt földön virágzik,
arany kelyhe és ezüst szára megmártózik a türkiz harmatcseppekben.
A jeles szerzetes nem üldögél a főnix talapzatán.

A jelenség a valóságban: ragyog az éjféli hold, a nap kénytelen üdvözölni a hajnalt.

A valóság a jelenségben: a hajszálból hatalmas fa cseperedik, a vízcsepp folyóvá duzzad.

Mindkettőben felbukkanó: a lényeg nem a mennyből vagy a földről származik;
a hősiesség sem az évszakok váltakozása szerint van. Akkor honnan fakad?

Egyszerre észlelni mindkettőt: a türkiz asszony odadobja a vetélőt a pörgő szövőszéken;
a kőember megüti dobját: bumm, bumm.