Hakuin Ekaku (1685-1768)
Hakuin Ekaku (1685–1768) possessed an unusual ability to convey the meaning of Zen to large numbers of people from all classes and religions. Though he chose to work at a small temple in the countryside, he was frequently invited to lecture, and his writings were published, eventually bringing him fame. His writings could be rough, humorous, or sometimes even shocking, intended to rouse his followers from their complacency into a deeper contemplation of religion and spiritual life. His copious writings continue to maintain pivotal importance within the Rinzai Zen sect. His work, both as spiritual leader and as painter, had a profound effect on all subsequent Zen study and Zen painting.
Hakuin in Japanese: HAKUIN ZENJI HOGO ZENSHU, 14 vols. Edited and annotated by YOSHIZAWA Katsuhiro. Kyoto: Zenbunka Kenkyusho (The Institute for Zen Studies), 1999-2003. >>>
Hakuin practiced painting late in life, beginning in his sixties and continuing until his death at eighty-four. As he grew older, he increasingly relied on it as a means of communicating Zen ideals. By the end of his life, he had produced well over one thousand paintings and calligraphies in a remarkable range of styles and subjects, often suffused with humor. Though he painted a variety of subjects, the one that he returned to the most was Daruma. Daruma is typically shown with attributes thought to be South Asian—a heavy beard, large, bulging eyes (reflecting a legend that he pulled off his eyelids after becoming sleepy during meditation), and the elongated ears of an Indian noble, stretched by heavy earrings. However, the hooked nose, high cheekbones, and oval visage are seen again and again in Hakuin’s paintings of various subjects and may, in fact, reflect the physiognomy of the artist himself.
Three seals of Hakuin
School of Zen Buddhism
Forrás: Balogh Béla: A végső valóság
Egy Nobushige nevezetű katona elment Hakuinhoz - a zen mesterhez - és a következő kérdést tette fel neki:
- Valóban létezik Paradicsom és Pokol?
- Ki vagy te? - kérdezte Hakuin.
- Szamuráj vagyok - válaszolta a harcos.
- Te? Szamuráj? - kiáltott fel Hakuin. - Miféle uralkodó fogadna fel téged testőréül? Hiszen olyan a képed mint egy koldusé!
Nobushige annyira feldühödött, hogy már-már kardot rántott, de Hakuin csak folytatta:
- Szóval kardod is van. Biztosan az is olyan tompa mint a fejed!
Amint Nobushige kardot rántott, Hakuin megjegyezte:
- Innen nyílnak a Pokol kapui.
E szavakra a katona - megértvén a mester tanítását - visszadugta kardját a hüvelyébe és fejet hajtott.
- És innen a Paradicsomé - mondta Hakuin.