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即非如一 Jifei Ruyi (1616-1671)
(Rōmaji:) Sokuhi Nyoitsu
喜多道矩 (長兵衛) Kita Dōku (Chōbei) (active ca. 1657-63), Portrait of Jifei Ruyi.
Left scroll of a triptych with Yinyuan Longqi (1592-1673) and Muan Xingtao (1611-84). Self-eulogy. Seal: “Chō.”
From a set of three hanging scrolls, ink and colours on paper, each 112.5 x 44.9 cm. Kobe City Museum.
喜多元規 Kita Genki (active ca. 1664-1709), Portrait of Jifei Ruyi.
Self-eulogy dated 1671 (first month, fifteenth day). Seal: “Genki.”
Hanging scroll, ink and colours on paper, 208.0 x 93.8 cm. Manpukuji, Kyoto Prefecture.
PDF: A Portrait of an Obaku Monk: The Life and Religion of Jifei Ruyi (1616-1671)
by Aihua Zheng
The University of Arizona, 2009
This study attempts to present a comprehensive study of Jifei Ruyi (J. Sokuhi Nyoitsu, 1616-1671)'s life. Jifei was originally a monk of Wanfusi (J. Manpukuji) at Mount Huangbo, China, and one of Yinyuan Longqi (J. Ingen Ryuki, 1592-1673)'s leading dharma heirs. He contributed as a founding leader of the Wanfusi expatriates to the establishment and consolidation of Manpukuji in the seventeenth century Japan. Chief among his achievements is his introduction of the Chan style and literati cultural activity of the late Ming China (1368-1644). Jifei's syncretic religious practice combined Linji Chan (J. Rinzai Zen) style and elements from other Buddhist denominations, with his Chan modeled mainly on the teachings of Linji Yixuan (d.867). Jifei's filial piety, Confucian kinship and Buddhist sectarian consciousness, and cultural practice of literati ideal reflect his unitary vision of Confucianism and Buddhism, a popular socio-religious trend during the time.
千呆性侒 Qiandai Xing'an / Sengai Shōan (1636-1705)
and Jifei Ruyi / Sokuhi Nyoitsu (1616-1671);
Painting by 喜多元規 Kita Genki (active ca. 1664-1709)