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大隨法真
Dasui Fazhen (878-963)

(Rōmaji:) Taizui Hōshin


Tartalom

Contents
Ta-szuj Fa-csen mondásaiból
Fordította: Terebess Gábor

Dasui Fazhen, "Shenzhao"
by Andy Ferguson

Encounter Dialogues of Dasui Fazhen
compiled by Satyavayu of Touching Earth Sangha

 

Dasui Fazhen, "Shenzhao"
by Andy Ferguson
In: Zen's Chinese Heritage: The Masters and Their Teachings, Wisdom Publications, 2011, pp. 180-182.


DASUI FAZHEN (878–963) was a disciple of Changqing Da’an. He came from ancient Zizhou (now the city of Santai in Sichuan Province). He is recorded to have experienced great enlightenment while still quite young. After becoming a monk at Huiyi Temple, he traveled extensively and studied with the teachers Daowu Yuanzhi, Yunyan Tansheng, and Dongshan Liangjie, among others. Some accounts describe him as a diligent student and heir of the Guiyang Zen lineage, although both the Transmission of the Lamp and the Book of Serenity describe him as a student of Changqing Da’an, making Guishan his Dharma uncle. Eventually returning to his native Sichuan, he first lived at Mt. Shankou’s Longhuai Temple. Later he dwelled for more than ten years in a large hollow tree at the site of an old temple behind Mt. Dasui.

*

Guishan asked Dasui Fazhen, “You’ve been practicing here with me for some time. Why haven’t you asked any questions?”

Dasui said, “What would you have me ask?”

Guishan said, “Why don’t you ask, ‘What is Buddha?’”

Dasui abruptly covered Guishan’s mouth with his hand.

Guishan exclaimed, “You’ve truly attained the marrow!”

*

Zen master Dasui entered the hall and addressed the monks, saying, “Self-nature is originally pure and replete with virtue, but due to purity and pollution there is differentiation. Thus, the enlightenment of the saints has been realized entirely through purity, while the delusions of common people are engendered by pollution, and are always pulling them down into the cycle of birth and death.

“But the essence of purity and pollution is undifferentiated. Thus the Mahaprajnaparamita Sutra says, ‘Not two, thus no separation.’”

*

A monk asked Zen master Dasui, “When the aeonic fire engulfs everything, is this annihilated or not?”

Dasui said, “Annihilated.”

The monk said, “Then it is annihilated along with everything else?”

Dasui said, “It is annihilated along with everything else.”

The monk refused to accept this answer. He later went to Touzi Datong and relayed to him his conversation with Dasui.

Touzi lit incense and bowed to the figure of the Buddha, saying, “The ancient buddha of West River [i.e. Sichuan Province, the area where Dasui lived] has appeared.”

Then Touzi said to the monk, “You should go back there quickly and atone for your mistake.”

The monk went back to see Dasui, but Dasui had already died. The monk then went back to see Touzi, but Touzi had also passed away.

*

A monk asked Dasui, “What is the sign of a great man?”

Dasui said, “He doesn’t have a placard on his stomach.”

*

Dasui asked a monk, “Where are you going?”

The monk said, “I’m going to live alone on West Mountain.”

Dasui asked, “If I call out to the top of East Mountain for you, will you come or not?”

The monk said, “Of course not.”

Dasui said, “You haven’t attained ‘living alone’ yet.”

*

A monk asked, “When the great matter of life and death arrives, then what?”

Dasui said, “If there’s tea, drink tea. If there’s food, eat food.”

The monk said, “Who receives this support?”

Dasui said, “Just pick up your bowl.”

*

Next to Dasui’s cottage there was a tortoise.

A monk asked, “Most beings grow bones inside their skin. Why does this being grow skin inside its bones?”

Dasui took off his grass sandal and put it on the tortoise’s back.

The monk didn’t know what to say.

*

A monk asked, “What is the essential Dharma of all the buddhas?”

Dasui held up his whisk and said, “Do you understand?”

The monk said, “No.”

Dasui said, “A whisk.”

*

Dasui held up his staff and said, “Where did it arise from?”

Someone said, “From causation.”

Dasui said, “How wretched! How bitter!”

*

Dasui asked, “Where did that monk go?”

Someone said, “He went to Mt. Emei to venerate Samantabhadra.”

Dasui held up his whisk and said, “Manjushri and Samantabhadra are always right here.”

*

A monk drew a circle in the air and then made the motion of throwing it behind him. He then bowed. Dasui called for his attendant to serve tea to the monk.

*

When a large number of people were assembled to hear Dasui, he contorted his mouth into a pained position and said, “Is there anyone here who can cure my mouth?”

The monks competed with one another to offer medicine, and when laypeople heard about this matter, many of them also sent potions. But Dasui refused them all. Seven days later he slapped himself and caused his mouth to assume a normal appearance.

Dasui then said, “These two lips have been drumming against each other all this time—up until now no one has cured them!”

He then sat in an upright position and passed away.

*

 


Encounter Dialogues of Dasui Fazhen (834-919)
compiled by Satyavayu of Touching Earth Sangha
DOC: Treasury of the Forest of Ancestors

    Master Dasui Fazhen came from Zizhou in the western province of Sichuan.  He had a deep awakening while still a young novice, and after  full ordination he traveled to meet many teachers to refine his understanding.  After practicing with Masters Daowu Yuanzhi, Yunyan Tansheng, and Dongshan Liangjie, the last teacher he visited was Master Changqing Da'an who, at that time, was the abbot of Mt. Gui.

 

    Master Da'an once asked Fazhen, “You've been practicing here for some time now.  Why haven't you asked any questions?”

    Fazhen said, “What would you have me ask?”

    Da'an said, “Why don't you ask, ‘What is Awakening?'”

    Fazhen immediately covered Da'an's mouth with his hand.

    Da'an approved.

 

    Eventually Fazhen returned west to Sichuan where he first lived at Dragon Cherishing Monastery on. Shankou Mountain.  Later he dwelt for more than ten years in a giant hollow tree on the grounds of an old temple on Great Compliance (Dasui) Mountain.  It is said that he set up a tea stall by the road and for years served tea to passersby.

 

    One day a monk asked Master Dasui Fazhen, “What is the essential teaching of all the Awakened Ones?”

    Dasui held up his whisk and then said, “Do you understand?”

    The monk said, “No.”

    Dasui said, “It's a whisk.”

 

    Once a monk was preparing for travel. Master Dasui asked, “Where are you going?”

    The monk said, “I'm going to live alone on West Mountain.”

    The master asked, “If I call out to the top of East Mountain for you, will you come or not?”

    The monk said, “Of course not.”

    The master said, “You haven't yet realized the meaning of ‘living alone.'”

 

    One day a monk asked Master Dasui, “In the boundless fire at the end of the eon, the great thousands of worlds will all be destroyed.  Will this also be destroyed?”

    The master said, “Destroyed.”

    The monk said, “Then this follows along with everything else?”

    The master said, “This follows along with everything else.”

       

 

 

 

Ta-szuj Fa-csen összegyűjtött mondásaiból
Fordította: Terebess Gábor
Vö.: Folyik a híd, Officina Nova, Budapest, 1990, 81. oldal


Egy teknősbéka tévedt a kolostor udvarára.
– Minden teremtés a csontját fedi bőrrel, ez miért fedi a bőrét csonttal? – kérdezte egy szerzetes.
Ta-szuj levette a gyékénybocskorát, és befedte vele a teknőc páncélját.

– Mi lesz velünk, ha elérkezik a születés és a halál órája? – kérdezték Ta-szujt.
– Ha tea van, igyál teát, ha rizs van, egyél rizst – felelte.